xylography

xylography
   A printing technique that involves carving text in relief upon a wooden block, which is then inked and an impression made on paper. "Xylography" combines "xylo-," meaning "wood," and "-graphy," which denotes writing in a specified manner. "Xylography" didn't appear in print in English until 1816, but it is linked to printing practices that are much older. The oldest known printed works were produced by this method in Japan and China during the 8th and 9th centuries. This method of wood-block printing appeared in Europe in the 14th century, and eventually inspired Johannes Gutenberg to create individual and reusable ("movable") pieces of type out of metal. These days, "xylography" can also describe the technique of engraving wood for purely artistic purposes. (pr. zye-lah'gruh-fee) Also see incunabulum.

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • Xylography — Xy*log ra*phy, n. [Xylo + graphy: cf. F. xylographie.] [1913 Webster] 1. The art of engraving on wood. [1913 Webster] 2. The art of making prints from the natural grain of wood. Knight. [1913 Webster] 3. A method pf printing in colors upon wood… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • xylography — [zī läg′rə fē] n. [Fr xylographie: see XYLO & GRAPHY] Rare the art of making woodcuts or wood engravings xylographer n. xylographic [zī΄lə graf′ik] adj. xylographical …   English World dictionary

  • xylography — noun Etymology: French xylographie, from xyl + graphie graphy Date: 1816 the art of making engravings on wood especially for printing • xylograph noun • xylographer noun • xylographic also xylographical adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • xylography — xylographer, n. xylographic /zuy leuh graf ik/, xylographical, adj. xylographically, adv. /zuy log reuh fee/, n. the art of engraving on wood, or of printing from such engravings. [1810 20; < F xylographie. See XYLO , GRAPHY] * * * …   Universalium

  • xylography — noun The art of making xylographs …   Wiktionary

  • Xylography — Ксилография (способ изготовления гравюр на дереве) …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

  • xylography — art of engraving on wood Sciences and Studies …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • xylography — xy·log·ra·phy || zaɪ lÉ‘grÉ™fɪ / lÉ’g n. art of engraving on wood …   English contemporary dictionary

  • xylography — n. 1. Wood engraving, wood graver s art, wood cutting, engraving on wood. 2. Decorative printing on wood, printed wood decoration …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • xylography — xy·log·ra·phy …   English syllables

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